The Hamon Act introduced a new requirement for small and medium-sized enterprises to provide information to employees in the event of a planned sale of shares or day-to-day transactions. The law aims to encourage and encourage the acquisition of businesses by their employees in order to avoid the failure of healthy businesses due to the lack of reasons to buy. The High Court ruled that a buyer was entitled to a claim for damages to the full purchase price under a share purchase agreement (“SPA”) which revealed that the sellers were violating the warranty of the target company`s accounts: 116 Cardamon Ltd v. MacAlister -Anor  EWHC 1200 (Comm). A share purchase agreement generally provides guarantees from the seller, with the seller agreeing to compensate the buyer for the potential loss of value of the target. A recent decision specifies that the parties to an agreement should clarify their intentions regarding the possibility or prohibition of the transfer of the seller`s guarantees to a third party in the event of a subsequent sale of the target`s shares. The Supreme Court dismissed a complaint about the importance of compensation in a share purchase agreement and, at the time of its judgment, gave guidelines on the rules of interpretation of the contract. From the buyer`s point of view, the agreement may have become a bad deal, as the buyer does not appear to have communicated to the sellers a right to the guarantee within the contractual time frame. However, it was not for the court to improve a party`s good business. REFUS TO REGISTER THE TRANSFER – Nach S.58 of Companies Act, 2013, the company may refuse the transfer of shares because of its power to limit transmission. However, such a refusal must have “sufficient cause” and should not be arbitrary. In general, acceptable causes are if; the purchaser is insolvent, these shares are held as a token of receivables transferred to the assignor, the purchaser being a minor; or if the device is defective and incomplete. A recent Supreme Court decision confirms the alternative mechanisms for foreign exchange transactions.
The mechanism is particularly useful for AM operations, where a sponsor signs the initial agreements and, once a structure has been agreed, replaces a method of use to complete the transaction. However, AM practitioners should remain vigilant in the development of the substitution clauses to ensure that they clearly express the parties` intentions regarding the complete release (or not) of the original part.